The Unemployment rate of the population aged 15 years and above in Namibia has increased by 34.0 percent with 32 010 person who newly became unemployed in 2015/16, the Namibian Statistics Agency (NSA revealed).
Statistics released by NSA stated that the main reason for the sharp increase could be attributed to prolong drought that affected the agricultural sector throughout the length and breadth of the country. Speaking at a Press Conference this week, Statistician General Alex Shimuafeni said, “the broad unemployment rate among the female population aged 15 years and above is 38.3 percent which is higher than their male coun terpart’s rate of 29.8 percent.”
The report further shows that unemployment for the urban population is at 180 322 while the rural population has 169 061 unemployed persons. Meanwhile, the broad unemployment rates are higher in the Kunene recording up to 52.2 percent while, Zambezi noted 48 percent and Ohangwena with 45.4 percent respectively.
“The rate is higher for females than males in all regions except in the Ohangwena region and Omusati where the rate for females is lower than that of males,” he said. Although Shimuafeni stressed that the increase of unemployment is caused by the prevailing drought that stroked Namibia in the past, NSA further revealed that the increase of unemployment rate is also affected by the education attainment saying that there is a clear positive relationship between educational attainment and the unemployment rate.
“The higher the educational attainment rate, the lower the unemployment rate, in this connection, the unemployment rates for people with no secondary education are 29.4 percent and 34.1 percent respectively, while unemployment rates for people with university or teacher training education remains relatively low at 6.9 percent and 1.6 percent respectively, “ Shimuafeni said.
Speaking to The Villager SG Shimuafeni further explained challenges experienced while carrying out the survey saying that it is not easy as many people do not understand the basic reason for carrying out a survey.
“A lot of people do not really under stand why we are collecting data, when we approach the same people for another survey they always ask ‘why are you asking if I am working if last year you still asked me the same thing but have not gotten us any employment,” he said, adding that, “our priority remains to educate the Namibian citizens why data collection is important through campaigns and rural areas reach outs.”
Although there have been challenges for NSA trying to collect factual data, the report further shows that, the majority of the labour force is 135,832 people, 20.1 percent are employed in the agriculture, forestry, and ﬁ shing sector, there have been a declined in the total number employed in these sectors when compared to the 214 LFS with 206, 7 22 people or 29.2 percent employed.