The Namibia Statistics Agency (NSA) launched the Migration report based on data from the 2011 Namibia Population and Housing census yesterday. The migration report provides information on internal and international migration covering both lifetime and short term migrants.
Speaking at the report launch in the capital yesterday, Home affairs Minister Pendukeni Iivula-Ithana said migration affects population size of a geographical area as well as fertility and mortality. “This is our first ever migration report prepared in Namibia. I am informed that the housing and disability reports will be produced very soon,” she said. She said that according to the report up to 41 000 residents had migrated from one place to another within Namibia between 2010 and 2011 while 707 000 had migrated to different constituencies in 2011. “Over 40% of these are residing in the Khomas and Erongo regions while net migration flows are from elsewhere,” she told delegates. She reiterated that the report presents evidence on the migration patterns in Namibia to assist policy makers, planners and researchers in the formulation of national development programmes, as well as monitoring and evaluation implementation of national programs.
With regard to lifetime migration, Oranjemund constituency in Karas Region showed the largest net proportional inflow since birth while Ohangwena constituency in Ohangwena Region showed the largest outflow. As to international migration, more than 93 000 residents or 4,5% of the population in 2011 were born outside Namibia.
The top five countries of the foreign born were Angola at 38 076, South Africa 21 209, Zambia 10 299, Zimbabwe 5770 and Germany at 3670. Compared to citizens, non-citizens are disproportionately male and concentrated at young and middle aged adults, with larger proportions of both the best and least educated. Population growth due to net international migration over the past decades was fairly negligible. The report concludes that the percentage living in urban areas increased from 27% in 1991 to 33% in 2001 to 43% in 2011.
The urban percentage across regions differs dramatically with Erongo and Khomas both exceeding 85% while Ohangwena, Omusati and Oshikoto are the opposite with less than 15%. “In conclusion, it is worth mentioning that Namibia will transit from being a mostly rural society to a mostly urban one due to migration. In future censuses and surveys, further consideration of which migration questions should be included, how they should be phrased and how they should be ordered would be very helpful,” the report reads.