The Poverty Dynamics Namibia’s November 2012 report states, the decrease in poverty in households is attributed to the attainment of education by individuals.
According to the report, a negative relationship is normally expected between poverty and education where those better educated have higher income while the less educated are likely to be poor.
“There has been a steady decline of individuals living in households whose heads do not have formal education or primary education and an increase for those with secondary and tertiary education,” the report states adding, 45.8% of people who do not have formal education live in poverty.
Although still high, the figures show a decline of poverty with regard to education attainment compared to the figures in the Namibia Household Income Expenditure (NHIE) 93/94 survey, which stated, 86.2% of household heads lived without formal education then.
Only 34.3% of the household heads with primary school education are poor (2009/10 report) compared to the 79.5% figure that had been recorded in the NHIES 93/94.
“Education and the likelihood of living in poverty were closely related among those without formal education and primary education; the incidence of being poor declines as educational attainment rises,” the report stresses.
According to the report, poverty incidences among those with just primary education is estimated at more than 1/3 compared to just 17% for those with secondary education; consequently attainment of tertiary education substantially lowers a person’s likelihood of being poor.
Poverty amongst the population with tertiary education was recorded at 0.6% in the NHIES 2009/10, showing a decrease from above 18% in NHIES 93/94.
The poverty gap has also declined by education attainment of household heads as shown in the report. From 50.8% in the NHIES 93/94 the poverty gap of household heads with non-formal education went down to 15.2% in the NHIES 2009/10.
With the attainment of primary schooling, the poverty gap had decreased from 42.9% within 17 years to 10.5 % in the NHIES 2009/10; whilst for those with secondary school education, the report shows that in the NHIES 93/94 it stood at 21.3% as the poverty gap came down to 4.3% in the NHIES 2009/10.