Urban land for the urban poor
• Shack Dwellers Federation of Namibia is made up of 805 saving groups living in shacks in Informal Settlement and Backyards , Rented rooms and who have organized ourselves
• 25,000 members, majority women, earning less than N$4,000 are affiliated
• By working together to improve living conditions for our families with the potential to impact more than 100,000 people directly
• Daily saving starting with as little as a dollar a day resulted in a total saving of N$29 million
• By producing our hollow blocks, doing our excavation and managing our construction as groups we produced 4,900 houses, currently costing less than N$40,000 per house
• In 1995 we established our own Poor People Fund and channeling N$123 million (N$49 million contributed by MURD) through this revolving fund, which we used for our houses, installing services and small business loans.
• We secured land for 8,500 households through negotiations with Local Authorities.
• We buy and develop blocks of land, the servicing costing less than N$5,000 per family Starting with Community Land Information Program (CLIP) in informal settlement we initiated informal settlement upgrading involving 5,000 households
Information for Urban Development: Community Land Information Program (CLIP)
• Working with MURD, local authorities and informal settlement communities the Shack Dwellers Federation collect information in informal settlements
• In 2008 we counted 235 informal settlements with 135,000 shacks accommodating about 500,000 people through informal settlement profiling
• The current updated numbers show that there are 308 informal settlements with 228,000 shacks accommodate about 995,000 people
• This means close to 40% of the Namibia population are now living in shacks in urban areas
CLIP as a tool for collaborative land development
• CLIP data produced by communities helps them, local authorities and other stakeholders to plan for development based on the communities needs and realistic affordability.
• Communitiescontributetotheirowndevelopmentby participating in planning studios and the installation of services.
• The pilot project in Gobabis Freedom Square informal settlement, enabled a learning process where five informal settlements in 5 towns are following this process
• This demonstrates it is possible to scale up inclusive urban development through a partnership process
CHALLENGES OF URBAN LAND
Urban land delivery failed to meet the needs of people, whether they moved into towns or being born in towns, therefore households are not able to construct houses, causing high rentals and informal settlement formation
Top-down, costly and lengthy land development processes limit the scaling up of delivering land to the poor
- It results in developments that are very costly to government and local authorities (N$50,000 to N$80,000 per fully serviced erf) and not affordable to the poor
- It is lengthy and those on the waiting lists and informal settlements have no idea by which time they will obtain their own land or what the costs will be
- Plot sizes and engineering standards limit the possibility of the bulk infrastructure investments reaching more people
- It does not encourage the use of resources like people’s saving and their labour contribution
- It lacks the potential for the communities to participate in planning and upgrading and become involved in the development
- It limits opportunities for incremental development options reaching more people with the security of tenure and essential services
Monthly income of households in informal settlements are below N$3,000 and on average N$1,500
Can only afford between N$375 and N$750 per month for both land, shelter and services
- we need to reach a solution that will reach the majority of the population
- Subsidies for bulk infrastructure
- Enable finance for Communities to install water and sanitation services themselves
Land Sizes and Standards
These are limiting development and upgrading. Saving Groups in Windhoek looked at affordability of the land and the high number of landless waiting for land and decided to share 300 square meter plots.
We also are concerned about:
• If people are relocated to make space for plots, this will take people further from their places work
• Losing income when relocated Proposal
Accept higher densities and find design and land rights solution fitting the densities
PROPOSAL: SCALE-UP LAND DELIVERY BASED ON EXPERIENCES AND LEARNING:
• City/Urban Wide planning and Informal settlement upgrading in partnership to increase access to land on local level
– Based on information collected through CLIP in informal settlements, backyards and waiting lists
– Participatory planning
– Incremental development
• Learning and capacity building program with stakeholders to inform a national strategy.