On the road to the summit of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development that will be held on June 2012 in Rio de Janeiro, members of Latin American governments stated during a seminar held in Buenos Aires their position regarding the sustainable development measures that are being applied in their countries and expressed how the “green economy” will lead to the production and distributions that will help the human being without affecting the planet.
The two main themes that will be analyzed in Río+20 are the green economy in the context of sustainable development and the eradication of poverty; and the institutional framework to carry it out.
During the first day of the three-day seminar, Argentina’s General Director of Environmental Affairs of the Foreign Ministry Marta Gabrieloni stated the importance of not creating new structures for the implementation of the sustainable development, but to “strengthen the ones that already exist,” especially nowadays that the economic crisis would make this difficult.
Regarding the Green Economy, Gabrieloni assured that it is a “challenge” for the developing countries because of its high costs. This kind of economy must be carried out taking into account the environmental issues and the social inclusion in order to achieve the poverty eradication, the social welfare and the protection of the planet.
Brazil’s General Coordinator of Sustainable Development of the Foreign Ministry, Claudia Maciel, explained that the first summit about this issue was held in Stockholm on 1972, and was analysed in greater depth in Río 1992. “In 1992, the world was not talking about climate change yet. Twenty years after, we are going to resume this believe that the multilateralism can be a place where the great global issues can be discussed,” she said.
“In Río 1992 we had a strong position that remains nowadays about the needs and the capacities of the countries over the sustainable development. What’s important is that this intense movement leads to the awareness in the economy.”
Maciel highlighted the challenge of incorporate the sustainable development in the countries’ economy so that it is “part of the national and international projects.”
Although the Río+20 will be affected by the current economic crisis that several countries in Europe are living in, Maciel says that this situation also means “an opportunity for the development based in the natural resources. The conference will be focused in the structural factors, not in the conjectural issues of the crisis that are being analysed by organisations such as the G20.”
“Rio+20 means that we are looking toward 2032 and how the world will be, how this ‘green economy’ that is linked to the social inclusion and the eradication of poverty works,” the Dean of Belgrano University’s Law School and Social Sciences Doctor Dino Luis Bellorio Clabot.
Bellorio Clabot added that there is a debt regarding the sustainable development which is its implementation. “This is a political decision that has to be taken by the governments, by the people, because by the sum of willpower we can achieve the awareness and the education over this particular issue.”
The Río+20 Summit will be held on June 20-21-22 in Brazil, but in the meantime, we can learn something about the “Inclusive Green Economy” in the seminar held in Buenos Aires until Friday.